Thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) were deposited by an Air Plasma Spraying (APS) technique. The coating comprised of YSZ – 0, 20, 50 and 80 wt % Al2O3; NiCrAlY bond coat; and AISI 304L stainless steels substrate. Thermal shock tests were performed over the specimens, at 1000 °C and 1200 °C for 5 min and then forced air quenching. The samples were directly pushed into a tube furnace at 1000 °C and 1200 °C. The results were prominent in forced air quenching tests at 1000 °C , where the lives of the TBCs were observed more than 66 cycles. It was noticed that with increase of Al2O3 content the thermal shock life of the specimens decreased. Further, the coating roughness decreased by Al2O3 addition. It was observed that with decrease in coating roughness, the thermal shock life decreased slightly.