Each year a large number of papers are given at the International Conference. During your time at the conference, you will have the opportunity to hear of the latest developments in technology. Some of the presentations will be done by some of the best in the Thermal Spray Industry doing research and others from equipment and material suppliers. There are others, done by suppliers, who actually are doing the thermal spray applications on a large variety of parts. However even though the R & D papers have a lot of good scientific information a large amount of it is non usable in the industry. So, who should be changing directions?