Recently, the thermal spray community has focused considerable attention on Cold Spray and Warm Spray techniques, in which the temperatures of sprayed particles are kept under the melting points and adhesion occurs based on the impact phenomenon between a solid particle and a substrate. The mechanisms of adhesion are still unclear but the degree of the mechanical deformation at the interface is considered to be one key factor. However, it is very difficult to directly measure the strain at the interface. Instead, in this work, the strain fields on a substrate around an impacted particle were measured by applying Electron Moiré method, and corresponded to the spray conditions by a warm spray deposition.

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