This study deals with a plasma technique that combines two plasma spray torches to produce finely-structured zirconia coatings. Ideally, the deposition process path involves the vaporization of most of the particles injected in the plasma jet and the transport of the vapor to the substrate where it re-condenses. The arrangement of the plasma torches makes it possible to limit the deposition of non-completely evaporated particles onto the substrate. The experimental design of the vapor deposition process has been assisted by experimental characterization of the plasma temperature field and numerical simulations of the two plasma flow interactions and powder vaporization.

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