Three-dimensional molecular dynamics simulation was conducted to clarify at an atomic level the flattening process of a high-temperature droplet impacting a substrate at high speed. The droplet and the substrate were assumed to consist of pure aluminum, and the Morse potential was postulated between a pair of aluminum atoms. In this report, the influences of the impact parameters, such as the droplet velocity and the droplet diameter on its flattening behavior were analyzed. As a result, following representative conclusions were obtained: (1) the flattening ratio increases in proportion to the droplet velocity and the droplet diameter; (2) the flattening ratio for nanosized droplet can be rearranged by the same dimensionless parameters of the proper physical properties, such as the viscosity and the surface tension, as those used in the macroscopic flattening process.

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