In Municipal Waste Incinerators (MWI) considerable corrosion problems of critical components, such as superheater or boiler tubes, are always reported. Especially in modern WTE plants the need of efficiency increase requires operation at higher temperatures, which in turn enhances the corrosion rates. Laser cladding technology was successfully used for the production of anticorrosion and resistant-to-erosion coatings on tubes of superheaters and boilers. Compared to protective coatings produced by flame spraying devices, laser cladding is virtually porosity free and metallurgically bonded to the substrate, ensuring the possibility of bending the clad tubes without any damage such as cracks or spalling. This ability to sustain high deformation rate is absolutely necessary for the construction of superheaters serpentines, opening the door to the production of a whole superheaters assembly protected by a laser cladding. Due to the very low thermal load of the process, if compared to usual GMAW welding, laser cladding allows producing coatings with very low iron content (1-3%) even in a single pass with thickness lying in the range 0.7 -1.0 mm. Therefore laser technology enables to produce high quality coatings with a considerable saving in feeding materials, when compared to conventional GMAW welding where 2.5 - 3 mm thick cladding is necessary to have the same iron content of a single pass laser cladding. In this paper are presented advantages of this new technology and CESI RICERCA facilities for industrial production of MWI superheater and boiler clad tubes by its new automatic diode laser workstation. Results of a campaign of in-plant tests and performances obtained in operation by several laser clad components installed in European MWI plants are also presented.

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