Hot corrosion tests have been conducted on Ni- and Cr-based laser coatings, a high-velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) sprayed coating and various wrought alloys covered with a synthetic salt of Na2SO4-V2O5 and exposed at 650°C for 1000 h in air. Coating microstructures and reaction product layers were analyzed with scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). The hot corrosion resistance of tested specimen was evaluated by measuring its mean thickness loss. Generally, wrought alloys, HVOF coating and Cr-based laser coatings suffered from selective corrosion beneath salt film, that is, distinct Cr-depleted layer was formed at alloy/salt interface. Cr-based laser coatings exhibited extended solid solubility and they transformed towards equilibrium condition. Cr-rich phases enriched further with Cr and they were prone to corrosion. Low diluted laser coatings and HVOF coating were more resistant to hot corrosion than commonly used industrial standard alloy, Nimonic 80A. Ni-based laser coating exhibited resistance equivalent to Cr-based coatings and superior to corresponding wrought alloy.

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