In the past ten years, significant progress has been made in the field of advanced sensors for particle and spray plume characterization. However, there are very few commercially available technologies for online characterization of the as-deposited coatings. In particular, coating thickness is one of the most important parameter to monitor and control. Current methods such as destructive tests or direct mechanical measurements can cause significant production downtime. This paper presents a novel approach that enables online, real-time and non-contact measurement of individual spray pass thickness during deposition. Micron-level resolution was achieved on various coatings and substrate materials. The precision has been shown to be independent from surface roughness or thermal expansion. Results obtained on typical HVOF and plasma sprayed coatings are presented. Finally, current fields of application, technical limitations and future developments are discussed.