Controlling particle state is important to not only achieve the required microstructure and properties in coatings but also to clearly isolate and understand the role of other clusters of variables (such as the various substrate and deposition conditions) on the aforementioned attributes. This is important to design coatings for high performance applications and in the ongoing efforts towards achieving prime reliance. This study examines the variabilities in particle state and explores a few strategies to control them for improved reproducibility with the aid of in-flight particle and plume sensors. The particle state can be controlled by controlling the torch parameters or by directly controlling the particle state itself via feedback from particle and plume sensors such as DPV2000 & TDS. There exist at least a few control protocols to control the particle state (predominantly temperature and velocity) with judicious choice of critical parameters. In the present case the particle state has been controlled by varying the critical torch parameters in a narrow range using 8% YSZ of angular morphology (fused and crushed) with 10-75 microns size distributions in conjunction with a N2-H2 laminar (non-swirl) plasma. Two important results emerge. (1) The particle state resulting from averaged individual particle measurements (DPV 2000) is surprisingly stable with variabilities in T < 1% and variability in V of < 4%. Ensemble approaches yield a somewhat higher variability (5%). In spite of this the variability in basic coating attributes such as a thickness and weight is surprisingly large. (2) Applying a much simpler control strategy to only control the particle injection and hence the particle trajectory results in reduced variabilities in coating attributes.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.