The impact of plasma-sprayed molybdenum particles on glass surfaces held at 25 and 400°C was photographed. A two-color pyrometer was used to collect thermal radiation from the particles to follow their temperature evolution and to calculate the splat cooling rate. Significant fragmentation of the splat on the surface at 25°C was observed. A 3D model of droplet impact and solidification was used to estimate the thermal contact resistances between the splat and glass. It was found that the thermal contact resistance was approximately two orders of magnitude smaller on the surface at 400°C, indicating faster solidification, which reduced splashing. The larger thermal contact resistance between the non-heated glass and splat was attributed to the presence of a gas barrier at the surface.

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