In plasma spraying, generally, powders are radially injected into plasma jet. However, percentage of particles which have enough enthalpy to melt is not high in radial injection, possibly leading to low deposit efficiency especially for high melting point powders. In this research, powder port for radial injection was attached to an axial injection plasma torch in order to compare the plasma flame in both cases of axial and radial powder injections. The powder trajectory and the shape of the plasma plume were observed, and particle flux density, temperature, velocity, and deposit efficiency of alumina powders were measured and the results were compared between the two powder injection methods.

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