High velocity oxygen-fuel (HVOF) thermal spray processes are used in applications requiring the highest density and adhesion strength, which is not achievable in most other thermal spray processes. Like other thermal spray processes, however, a normal HVOF process is not able to apply fine powders less than 10 µm via a conventional powder feeder. The advantages of using smaller and even nano-sized particles in a HVOF process include uniform coating, less defective microstructure, higher cohesion and adhesion, full density, lower internal stress and higher deposition efficiency. A new process has been developed to realize HVOF forming of fine-grained alloy layers by using liquid precursors containing fine metallic particles. Process investigations have shown the benefits for making single and duplex layered coatings with full density and high bond strength attributing to the very high kinetic energy of particles striking on the substrate surface and the better melting of the small particles. One of the targeted applications is for the water walls of a fossil-fired boiler that operate in a high temperature and corrosive environment. The new coating system is based on material selection, structure design, process innovation and diagnostics, microstructure, and property evaluation. It is promising to provide better protection of the boilers against various types of degradations like corrosion, oxidation, erosion and interfacial failure.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.