The effect of process conditions on flame spraying of titania (TiO2) and magnetite (Fe3O4) was investigated. Designed experiments were conducted to determine spraying conditions, specifically total combustible gas flow, stand off distance, and oxygen/acetylene ratio that produce high deposition efficiency (DE) and dense coatings. Along with DE, particle temperature and velocity were determined and correlated with process conditions. Results indicate that for both titania and magnetite, hot and high velocity molten particles result in higher DE and lower porosity coatings. Micrographs of coating cross-sections and surfaces were taken with both field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and optical microscope. X-ray diffraction analysis shows that the titania coating retained its rutile structure while the magnetite coating had small amounts of magnetite (γ-Fe2O3) in addition to magnetite.

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