A convergent-barrel (CB) cold spray nozzle was designed through numerical simulation. It was found that the main factors influencing significantly the particle velocity and temperature include the length and diameter of the barrel section, the nature of the accelerating gas and the operating gas pressure and temperature, and the particle size. Particles can achieve a relatively low velocity but a high temperature under the same gas pressure using a CB nozzle compared to a convergent-divergent (CD) nozzle. The experiment results with Cu powder using the designed CB nozzle confirmed that the deposition can be realized under a lower gas pressure with a CB nozzle.

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