The industrial set of PPAW-cladding has gained a higher importance in the last few years. The process is characterised by high quality layers of about 1-2 mm with a low dilution of about 5 % and without intermediate layers. The great amount of different alloys, which can be processed as powders, opens a wide range for industrial applications. Manually PTA-cladding can be performed in different working positions. Presently the full mechanised PTA-cladding process is carried out in horizontal position. Thus the components have to be moved relative to the plasma arc. In order to improve operating efficiency and flexibility when processing wear and corrosion resistant coatings it is necessary to enlarge the working area and to set strategies for cladding in constrain position. The effect of the gravitation force leads in this case to a very difficult governing of the pool, which flows downwards and affects the quality of the coating. Basic knowledge of the mechanised process depending on the cladding position, for example with industrial robots, is not available at the moment, even if this is necessary when cladding huge heavy components. The present work shows coating strategies as well as the influence of process parameters while cladding steel with corrosion and wear resistant powders in constrain position (bottom-up and top-down). Investigations with Ni- and Co-based alloys were examined and the suitability for constrain position was evaluated. Through an optimisation of the heat input it was possible to influence positively the melt flow and to carry out successfully coatings. Finally the transferability was successfully proven on a complex three dimensional component.

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