It has been confirmed in the flattening behavior of the thermal sprayed particles that the splat shape on the flat substrate surface changes to a disk type from a splash type at relatively narrow temperature range with increasing the substrate temperature. The temperature increasing actually causes a certain non-reversible change on the substrate surface, because the changing effect is maintained till the substrate is cooled down to the room temperature. We have pointed out that this non-reversible change on substrate surface due to the heating might be the possible domination for the transition phenomenon of the thermal sprayed particles, that is, the essence of the substrate surface change due to the heating is surface roughness in nano-meter range. In this study, several kinds of substrates once heated to some elevated temperature were analyzed precisely by atomic force microscope (AFM) to characterize the change in their surface roughness character. The fundamental static wetting behavior of the substrate surface by a water droplet was investigated for the reference in the present study. The results obtained revealed that the change of the substrate surface topography in nano-meter range affect most effectively the wetting behavior of the droplet or splat on the surface. Hence, the substrate heating may bring about the change in the physical way on the substrate surface and this change induces the transition phenomenon.

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