The cold spray process is a relatively new process using high velocity metallic particles for surface modifications. Metallic powder particles which are injected into a converging-diverging nozzle are accelerated to supersonic velocities. In this study two-dimensional temperature and velocity distributions of gas along the nozzle axis are calculated and the effects of gas pressure and temperatures on particle velocities and temperatures inside and outside of the nozzle are also investigated. It is found that the acceleration of the gas velocity takes place in the area of the nozzle throat and it increases and reaches maximum value at the nozzle exit. Due to compression shocks in the area after the nozzle, the gas jet properties show irregular shape and these result in the existence of the maximum particle velocity by the change of particle size at a given gas pressure and temperature.

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