For constant conditions concerning substrate state, feedstock and environment properties of thermal spray coatings depend only on temperature and velocity of particles at impact on the substrate. Two different HVOF spraying guns, the kerosene fuel system Tafa JP5000 with radial powder injection and the ethylene fuel system Sulzer Metco Diamond Jet Hybrid 2700 with axial powder feeding, are characterized concerning the evolution of space resolved velocity and density of particles by LDA. Also influence of process parameter variations is examined. The region of shock diamonds is studied specifically. The influence of different characteristics concerning impact velocity and trajectories on the coatings microstructure is determined by means of optical microscopy and microhardness testing.