This paper presents process development efforts aimed at exploiting the benefits of both the electric arc-spray technique and the High Velocity Oxygen Fuel (HVOF) technique. This so-called hybrid process offers the benefits of using wire stock and high deposition rates of an electric arc-spray gun combined with the higher coating densities obtained using a HVOF gun. Various configurations starting from a single wire arc to 4-wire arc in combination with HVOF have been investigated. Experiments with single material wires to multi-material wire combinations have also been investigated. The feed rates of individual electric arc wire pairs and HVOF powder/wire are controlled independently allowing the creation of functional gradient materials (FGM). This gun has been used to create alloys as well as patterned deposits of different materials. The ability to create in-situ alloys and patterned deposits with excellent quality has been demonstrated.

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