Controlled scratch testing, dry abrasion tests and hardness measurements were performed on WC-12Co coatings produced by the high velocity oxy-fuel spraying of nanostructured and conventional feedstock powders. The information obtained employing these different evaluation techniques was used to provide insight into coating behaviour and identify the most abrasion-resistant coatings. The results indicated a correlation between scratch hardness and the microhardness determined by Vickers indentation for the coatings. There was good agreement between the scratch test and the abrasion test in identifying the best coatings for use in dry abrasion. Observation of the scratched surfaces and wear scars indicated material removal by splat debonding and fracture. The results demonstrate the usefulness of the scratch test for assessing the abrasion resistance and wear behaviour of coatings.