Obtaining dense ceramic coatings by thermal spraying still remains a challenge. Compared to metals, ceramics have a lower thermal conductivity and a larger melting enthalpy. These factors limit the heat transfer from the plasma to the particles and consequently do not necessarily allow their total melting. Problems linked to this heat transfer can be avoided, or at least limited, by using agglomerated particles made of a mixture of reactive powders yielding the ceramic material, via SHS (Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis) reaction. In this case, the reaction can be ignited by the heat transfer at the particle surface of an agglomerate and propagate towards the centre during its flight through the plasma. The application of this process to Ti, C mixtures leads to the formation of a dense TiC based coating. The composition of the coating, influenced by the contamination of the surrounding gas entrainment during the spray process, belongs to the TiC-TiO solid solution. The influence of experimental parameters on the coating composition is discussed.

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