The particle parameters including particle size, velocity and temperature influence significantly splat formation process in thermal spraying. The flattening degree of subsequent splat determines the coating structure and properties. Both theoretical analysis and simulation of splatting process indicate that the flattening degree depends on Reynolds number (Re) of spray particles. The experimental correlations suggest that the theoretical models overestimate the flattening degree. In the present study, with careful control of particle size and measurement of particle velocity and temperature, the relationship between the flattening degree and particle Reynolds number is examined experimentally. Copper powders of small size range are used to ensure valid of mean particle size. Plasma spraying is carried out under different conditions to change particle velocity and temperature. The particle velocity and temperature are measured using DPV- 2000. Splats were deposited on preheated polished stainless substrate surface. The diameter of individual splat was measured. The flattening degree was estimated using average diameter of splats and spray particles for individual spray condition. Using the exponential formula of Re with a power of 0.2, it was found that experimental correlation yielded a coefficient about half of that given by Madjeski’s model.

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