Silicon nitride and sialons are very attractive materials for thermal spaying, but the high temperatures of spray processes lead to their decomposition instead of melting. Therefore, the use of these materials as protective coatings has been very restricted. Nevertheless, researchers have tried to provide silicon nitride-based coatings using metallic or oxide binders. Oxide binder additions to silicon nitride have been quite successful. In this paper, mixtures of silicon nitride and oxides were prepared for the thermal spraying of silicon nitride-based materials by using a detonation gun. Powders for the spraying were prepared through mixing, sintering, crushing and sieving. To get an oxide binder of low melting point, three components of oxides, Al2O3-ZrO2-TiO2, were selected; the ratio of oxides was determined to have a low melting point. When the sintering temperatures were below 1400°C, phases of the powders and coating layers were composed of α-Si3N4 and oxides and any of sialon phases were not found. By sintering at the temperatures between 1400 and 1600°C in a nitrogen gas environment, χ(chi)-sialon (Si6Al10O21N4) and β’-sialon (Si3Al3O3N5) were formed. The ratio of β’-sialon increased as the sintering temperature increased. TiO2 was transformed to a nitride, TiN. During the spraying procedure χ-sialon was decomposed to amorphous binder, but β’-sialon was not totally decomposed. Finally a coating layer composed of tetragonal-zirconia and β’-sialon was made.

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