Activated Combustion HVAF Spraying (AC-HVAF) involves a jet of air-fuel combustion products to deposit coatings of metallic and carbide powders. In the process, spray particles are heated below their melting temperature while accelerated to velocity typically 700-850 m/s, forming a coating upon impact with a substrate. Extremely low oxygen content and high density are distinguished features of the AC-HVAF coatings, resulting in their excellent performance under conditions of severe wear and corrosion. Besides new level of coating quality, the AC-HVAF process demonstrates outstanding technological efficiency and spray rates 5-10 times exceeding those of the HVOF counterparts. The paper presents results on characterization of selected metallic and carbide coatings and describes their applications.