Nanocrystalline WC-Co coatings were deposited by high velocity oxy-fuel from commercial nanostructured composite powders. Processing parameters were optimized for maximal retention of the nanocrystalline size and for minimal decarburation of the ceramic reinforcement. Thermo-chemical and gas-dynamical properties of gas and particles flows within the combustion flame were identified in various operating conditions by CFD simulation. Significant improvements of coatings mechanical properties were evidenced: a decrease of the friction coefficient was measured for the nanostructured coatings, together with an increase of microhardness and fracture toughness.

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