This article gives an overview of thermal spraying of polymers with respect to the different spraying processes, the polymer materials in use for thermal spraying and new trends of using polymers as separate spraying material and in combination with plastic and non-plastic materials. Flame spraying is by far the most common process used for thermal spraying of plastic materials. In addition in the past years two other processes have been used to produce thermal sprayed plastic coatings: plasma spraying and high-velocity oxy fuel spraying (HVOF). The areas where the different processes are used as well as the modifications to conventional plasma and HVOF devices and the advantages and disadvantages using these two processes to produce plastic coatings will be described. In addition to the common materials used for flame spraying (e.g., PA 11, PA 12 or EVAL), other materials giving new opportunities of application of thermal sprayed coatings have been used like PEEK and LCPs. The areas where these materials are used are described as well as the special features of these materials. Furthermore there are new trends in using plastic materials for thermal spraying. Thermal sprayed polymer materials are for example combined with plastic as well as non-plastic materials or pigments giving special effects to the coatings, e.g, reflective or anti-skidding coatings. It is described how coatings with the mentioned effects can be produced.