Titanium dioxide (TiO2) has emerged as an excellent photocatalyst material for environmental purification about two decades ago. In order to avoid the use of TiO2 powder, which requires later separation from the treated liquid, few researchers reported on ways of fixing TiO2. In these cases, many difficulties must be overcome such as maintaining the photoactive anatase phase as well as the mechanical stability and avoiding the mass transfer limitations. Thermal spraying seems to be an appropriate process to provide ceramic coatings exhibiting such characteristics. The present work assesses the influence of several spray parameters on the morphology of deposits, dominated by two void systems – interlamellar pores and interlamellar cracks – and on their crystalline structures. TiO2 was atmospherically plasma sprayed by systematically varying the process conditions including torch power, plasma gas mixture Ar/H2 and Ar/He, and cooling device. An analytical procedure based on XRD patterns was established for the determination of the relative amounts of anatase and rutile in the coatings. An Ar/He mixture as compared to an Ar/H2 one seems to enhance the formation of anatase from 38vol% to 44vol%. In both cases, a reduction of the plasma power increases the amount of anatase. Several methods of porosity determination were performed: image analysis, Archimedean porosimetry and calculation from phases, mass and thickness. Generally, the results indicate a total porosity varying between 15 and 25% depending on the spraying conditions.

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