This paper presents the results of long-term thermal cycling tests on plasma-sprayed thermal barrier coatings, including coating samples produced with functionally graded materials. The role of oxidation is also considered based on the results of elemental analysis. The authors explain how the coatings were produced and tested and present and analyze the test results. The thermal barrier coatings formed with functionally graded materials were found to be relatively unaffected after the long-term thermal cycling test and showed no signs of oxidation. Paper includes a German-language abstract.