Most of the work published to date on thermally sprayed titanium has been carried out in controlled atmospheres, yielding little information about the reaction of titanium with nitrogen and oxygen. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of atomization gas on the formation of titanium nitrides and oxides during wire arc spraying. In the experiments, three types of gases (air, nitrogen, and argon) are used to deposit Ti on steel substrates and the microstructure and composition of the coatings, as well as the wire feedstock, are assessed by means of SEM and XRD analysis. The effect of spraying distance on crystal structure and nitrogen content is also investigated in the case of the argon-atomized coating. Paper includes a German-language abstract.

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