This paper investigates the adhesion of thermally sprayed ceramic particles on metal substrates. Two aluminum oxide powders are applied to nickel-oxide coated steel substrates by detonation and vacuum plasma spraying. SEM and XRD fracture analysis is used to examine the ceramic-metal interface and the morphology of fracture surfaces. In all test samples, failure occurs in the alumina, not at the interlayer boundary, indicating a high level of adhesion between the ceramic and nickel oxide layers. Paper includes a German-language abstract.