On-line monitoring of two thermal spray processes by means of an imaging diagnostic technique capable of measuring several spray particle properties, such as individual and average particle temperatures, velocities and number of particles with spatial distributions, was studied by using the Spray-Watch thermal spray monitor. Aim of the work was to demonstrate the capabilities of this novel monitor in quick optimisation of certain spray gun parameters to obtain desired particle characteristics in-flight, and hence desired coating structure and properties with high deposition efficiency. Examples are given in plasma spraying of Al2O3 and HVOF spraying of NiCoCrAlY.

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