The influence of arc root fluctuations in DC plasma spraying on the physical state of the particle jet is investigated by correlating individual in-flight particle temperature and velocity measurements with the instantaneous voltage difference between the electrodes. In-flight diagnostics with the DPV-2000 sensing device involves two-color pyrometry and time-of-flight technique for the determination of temperature and velocity. Synchronization of particle diagnostics with the torch voltage fluctuations is performed using an electronic circuit that generates a pulse when the voltage reaches some specific level; this pulse, that can be shifted by an arbitrary period of time, is used to trigger the acquisition of the pyrometric signals. Unlike what has been predicted by numerical modeling, time-dependent particle temperature and velocity due to power fluctuations induced by the arc movement can be very important. Periodic variations of the mean particle temperature and velocity, reaching ΔT= 600°C and Δv = 200m/s, are recorded during a voltage cycle. Moreover, very few particles are detected during some part of the cycle. The existence of quiet periods suggests that particles that are injected at some specific moments in the plasma are neither heated nor accelerated efficiently. To our knowledge, this is the first time large time-dependent effects of the arc root fluctuations on the particle state (temperature and velocity) are experimentally demonstrated with quantitative measurements.

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