Thermal spray processes are widely used to deposit high-chromium nickel-chromium coatings to improve high temperature oxidation and corrosion behaviour. However, in spite of the efforts made to improve the present spraying techniques, such as HVOF and plasma spraying, these coatings may still exhibit certain defects such as unmelted particles, oxide layers at splat boundaries, porosity and cracks, which are detrimental to corrosion performance in severe operation conditions. Due to low process temperature only mechanical bonding is obtained between the coating and substrate. Laser remelting of the sprayed coatings was studied in order to overcome the drawbacks of sprayed structures and to markedly improve the coating properties. The coating material was high-chromium nickel-chromium alloy, which contains small amounts of molybdenum and boron (53.3%Cr- 42.5%Ni - 2.5%Mo - 0.5%B). The coatings were prepared by high-velocity oxy-fuel spraying onto mild steel substrates. High power fiber coupled continuous wave Nd-YAG laser equipped with large beam optics was used to remelt the HVOF sprayed coating using different levels of scanning speed and beam width (10 mm and 20 mm). Coating remelted with the highest traverse speed tended to suffer cracking during rapid solidification inherent to laser processing. However, choosing appropriate laser parameters, non-porous, crack-free coatings with minimal dilution between coating and substrate were produced. Laser remelting resulted in the formation of dense oxide layer on top of the coatings and full homogenization of the sprayed structure. The coatings as-sprayed and after laser remelting were characterized by optical and electron microscopy (OPM, SEM). Dilution between coating and substrate was studied with EDS. The properties of the laser remelted coatings were directly compared with properties of as-sprayed HVOF coatings.

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