To improve the bonding strength of HA coating, several HA-based composite coatings (HA/Ti, HA/ZrO2 HA/ZrO2SiO2 and HA/NiCr composite coatings) have been fabricated via atmospheric plasma spraying. The bonding strengths of fabricated specimens were tested by ASTM C-633 method. The bioactivity of composite coatings was evaluated by examining carbonate-containing apatite formation on their surfaces in simulated body fluid (SBF). In vitro cell cultures were carried out to examine the biocompatibihty of composite coatings. The results obtained revealed that the addition of metal or ceramics in HA improved the bonding strength of coating significantly except HA/ZrO2-SiO2 composite coating. In SBF test, all of these four coatings were covered by carbonate-containing apatite after immersed in SBF, indicating good bioactivity for composite coatings. The results of cell cultures produced the testimony of excellent biocompatibihty for the coatings except that HA/NiCr composite coating possessed cytotoxicity. By comprehensive survey of bonding strength, bioactivity and biocompatibihty, HA/Ti and HA/ZrO2 composite coatings were candidates of prospective biocoatings.

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