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#### probability density

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ISTFA2021, ISTFA 2021: Conference Proceedings from the 47th International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 263-268, October 31–November 4, 2021,
.... equivalence test probability density quantile comparison equivalence criteria statistical failure analysis ISTFA 2021: Proceedings from the 47th International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis Conference October 31 November 4, 2021 Phoenix Convention Center, Phoenix, Arizona, USA DOI: 10.31399...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA2008, ISTFA 2008: Conference Proceedings from the 34th International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 128-132, November 2–6, 2008,
...Abstract Abstract Test engineers and failure analyst familiar with random access memory arrays have probably encountered the frustration of dealing with address descrambling. The resulting nonsequential internal bit cell counting scheme often means that the location of the failing cell under...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA2005, ISTFA 2005: Conference Proceedings from the 31st International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 389-394, November 6–10, 2005,
..., and other variables. The defect size probability density function is defined by a power law for defects smaller than the critical size and by an inverse power law for defects larger than the critical size. The defect size distribution curve is shown in Fig.1.[6] This is the relationship between the defect...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA1996, ISTFA 1996: Conference Proceedings from the 22nd International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 183-188, November 18–22, 1996,
... probability model in a mathematical setting. Let x j , x2, xn denote a random sample from the Bernoulli density f (x | p )=p x ( l -p ) x x = 0,l The prior distribution of p is given by gp(P)=l 0 < p < l = 0 otherwise This distribution is called the non informative uniform prior distribution. The posterior...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA2019, ISTFA 2019: Conference Proceedings from the 45th International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 68-78, November 10–14, 2019,
... a specific probability distribution and a probability density function (PDF) can be associated with each of them. Being a theoretical model, the PDF can then be generated at a higher spatial resolution than what the observation is. At this juncture, two questions remain to be solved to take advantage...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA2019, ISTFA 2019: Conference Proceedings from the 45th International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 430-433, November 10–14, 2019,
...]. = (1) Figure 2 : Comparison of small D and large D cumulative distribution functions depending on the difference in probability density function. When K-S test is applied to FBC data of first test, numerous K-S plots regarding pass and fail chips can be generated in proportion to number of X variables...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA2014, ISTFA 2014: Conference Proceedings from the 40th International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 322-326, November 9–13, 2014,
... mean is supposed to be the estimated probability density function of the signal pixels. The drawbacks of these methods are that they are based on the assumption that all of the spots located within an area emit with equivalent intensity. Unfortunately, photon-emission is related to electrical...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA2021, ISTFA 2021: Conference Proceedings from the 47th International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 115-121, October 31–November 4, 2021,
... the Probability Density Function (PDF) (black dashed line) of the inter-filament distances for several sizes of ReRAM cells calculated using the filament positions in the photon emission images. If one assuming a Poisson uniform spatial distribution of the filament positions for a cell of size D, the inter...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA1996, ISTFA 1996: Conference Proceedings from the 22nd International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 371-378, November 18–22, 1996,
...) =(1-1/L)M = Y ( 8 ) Where: L = the number of chips on the wafer (assuming the entire area of the wafer is covered w ith chips) M = the number of defects on the wafer, which can be related to the DEFECT DENSITY P(L.M) = Y = the probability that a chip will have no defects, which, if every defect causes...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA2005, ISTFA 2005: Conference Proceedings from the 31st International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 239-240, November 6–10, 2005,
..., diffraction contrast and phase contrast [6]. The phase contrast plays a major role in changing the contrast of the single crystal substrate. The electrons scatter as they are transmitted through the silicon substrate. The atom density affects the scattering probability. As the atom density increases...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA2000, ISTFA 2000: Conference Proceedings from the 26th International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 69-75, November 12–16, 2000,
... an enormous amount of failure signature information that can be studied to predict root cause mechanisms and evaluate cell library robustness. Both the defect location and probable process layer of the defect can be theorized. Other advantages include the ability to measure defect densities as opposed...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA2018, ISTFA 2018: Conference Proceedings from the 44th International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 57-63, October 28–November 1, 2018,
... For Advanced 3DTV Services Providing Interoperability and Scalability, Signal Processing: Image Communication, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 217 234, 2007. [22] S.-H. Cha, Comprehensive Survey on Distance/Similarity Measures Between Probability Density Functions, City, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 1, 2007. [23] T. Sørensen...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA1999, ISTFA 1999: Conference Proceedings from the 25th International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 255-261, November 14–18, 1999,
... (which describes the relative probability of a gas molecule sticking to a vacant surface site and the density of such sites) g is the rate at which gas molecules arrive at and adhere to a fresh surface (measured here through the chamber pressure) d is the dose per unit area per raster, measured in C/m2...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA2004, ISTFA 2004: Conference Proceedings from the 30th International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 566-575, November 14–18, 2004,
... by a deformation. Next the number of failing SRAM cells (the number of black squares in Figure 4) is counted to compute the failing cell density within the area outline by the removed convex hull (the estimate obtained for the deformation area). This allows distinction between dense and sparse cluster defects...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA1996, ISTFA 1996: Conference Proceedings from the 22nd International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 101-105, November 18–22, 1996,
...Abstract Abstract EBIC (Electron beam induced current) method has been applied to the evaluation of half micron MOSFET junctions. We have been able to clearly measure the junction depth profile and the impurities density, using FESEM/EBIC which provides the highest SEM resolution currently...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA2016, ISTFA 2016: Conference Proceedings from the 42nd International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 234-236, November 6–10, 2016,
.... The base current is 10nA per square um emitter area. Process 2 has not only reduced the magnitude of the RTS jumps, but also reduced the probability of RTS noise occurrence. The reductions of occurrence probability and magnitude are larger at lower current density. Table 1: RTS noise occurrence probability...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA2018, ISTFA 2018: Conference Proceedings from the 44th International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 437-442, October 28–November 1, 2018,
... in a new dominant kinetic mechanism during operation of these devices [3,6 11]. In other words, EM changes the intermetallic compound (IMC) growth trend in the multi-layered interconnection systems. We now know that with higher current densities, the IMCs in the anode side grow faster than the IMCs...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA2009, ISTFA 2009: Conference Proceedings from the 35th International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 162-165, November 15–19, 2009,
...-induced carriers and its TC is positive, since the gap shrinks with increasing temperature. This mechanism is more probable than avalanche only at high doping concentrations above 1018 cm-3, where the breakdown voltage is in the order of -6 V. The probability of all breakdown mechanisms increases...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA2007, ISTFA 2007: Conference Proceedings from the 33rd International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 226-230, November 4–8, 2007,
... transfer flow. However, we can already identify the possible factors that can aggravate/enhance these 229 conditions. A higher density of large silica fillers increases the probability of filler stacking while a lower mold cap clearance and deeper laser marks increase the chance of the laser beam reaching...
Proceedings Papers

ISTFA2012, ISTFA 2012: Conference Proceedings from the 38th International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis, 526-531, November 11–15, 2012,
... for the detection of scan chain related defects. It is shown experimentally that such approach can potentially enhance general defect detection sensitivity by 50% and increase the defect hit probability on scan chain nets. Any findings serve as useful early data for process improvement feedback. Furthermore...