High performance IC's have driven the semiconductor industry towards the sub-nanometer technology nodes for several years. At 16nm and beyond, the spatial resolution and sensitivity of some diagnostic equipment used for failure analysis have reached certain limitations. The accuracy of isolating a faulty signal in a tightly packed group of transistors in a die becomes more challenging. However, with the improvement of SIL (Solid Immersion Lens) based lens technology with higher N.A. (Numeric Aperture), combined with precision die thinning process, allowed some very promising results. This paper demonstrates successful diagnostic techniques utilizing the SIL lens and a variety of die thinning preparation techniques on 7nm and 16nm process nodes in both monolithic and 2.5D SSIT (Stacked Silicon Interconnect Technology) packages.

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