The ability to precisely remove the internal structures of a semiconductor device, layer-by-layer, is a necessity for semiconductor research and failure analysis investigation. Currently, numerous techniques are used, such as mechanical polishing, chemical etching, and gas assisted plasma focused ion beam (FIB) milling. However, all of these techniques have limitations in that they are unable to: (1) delayer a millimeter-scale area with nanometer-scale uniformity, (2) rapidly remove thick (>300 nm) device layers, or (3) perform automatic and accurate end pointing, which is challenging on thin (≤300 nm) device layers.

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