For unique single failures, which tend to be the case in customer return and reliability failures, selecting another sample or performing root cause deconvolution is not an option, and if diagnostic tests are not conclusive, it becomes necessary to extend the effectiveness of automatic test pattern generator (ATPG) diagnosis in order to determine the failure mechanism. This paper proposes a way to improve resolution using single-shot logic and high-resolution targeted patterns. Two cases are presented to demonstrate the approach and show how it performed on actual failing units.

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