Failure Analysis labs involved in customer returns always face a greater challenge, demand from customer for a faster turnaround time to identify the root cause of the failure. Unfortunately, root cause identification in failure analysis is often performed incompletely or rushing into destructive techniques, leading to poor understanding of the failure mechanism and root-cause, customer dissatisfaction. Scanning Acoustic Tomography (SAT), also called Scanning Acoustic Microscope (SAM) has been adopted by several Failure Analysis labs because it provides reliable non-destructive imaging of package cracks and delamination. The SAM is a vital tool in the effort to analyze molded packages. This paper provides a review of non-destructive testing method used to evaluate Integrated Circuit (IC) package. The case studies discussed in this paper identifies different types of defects and the capabilities of B-Scan (cross-sectional tomography) method employed for defect detection beyond delamination.

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