Abstract

For advanced node semiconductor process development, manufacturing, fault isolation and product failure analysis, nanoprobing is an indispensable technology. As the process technology node scales, transistors and materials used are more susceptible to electron beam damage and changes. As scanning electron microscope (SEM) energy decreases to minimize electron beam damage, imaging resolution degrades. Process scaling has not only affected patterning dimensions and pitch scaling, but also materials utilized in advanced nodes. The material used at the contact level has changed from tungsten (W) to cobalt (Co), in combination with ultra-low K dielectrics. These new materials tend to make sample preparation and probing increasingly more challenging. At advanced nodes with sub-20nm contacts, probe landing accuracy and probe-contact stability are important to maintain good electrical contact throughout measurement time. In this paper, we discuss nanoprobing results from a 7nm SRAM obtained from a commercially available leading edge 7nm SOC.

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