Abstract

In this paper, the authors report their successful attempt to acquire the scanning nonlinear dielectric microscopy (SNDM) signals around the floating gate and channel structures of the 3D Flash memory device, utilizing the custom-built SNDM tool with a super-sharp diamond tip. The report includes details of the SNDM measurement and process involved in sample preparation. With the super-sharp diamond tips with radius of less than 5 nm to achieve the supreme spatial resolution, the authors successfully obtained the SNDM signals of floating gate in high contrast to the background in the selected areas. They deduced the minimum spatial resolution and seized a clear evidence that the diffusion length differences of the n-type impurity among the channels are less than 21 nm. Thus, they concluded that SNDM is one of the most powerful analytical techniques to evaluate the carrier distribution in the superfine three dimensionally structured memory devices.

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