Abstract

Reliability tests, such as Time-Dependent Dielectric Breakdown (TDDB), High-Temperature Operating Life (HTOL), Hot Carrier Injection (HCI), etc., is required for the lifetime prediction of an integrated circuit (IC) product. Those reliability tests are more stringent and complex especially for automotive Complementary Metal–Oxide–Semiconductor (CMOS) devices, this because it involves human lives and safety. In foundries failure analysis (FA), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) analysis often required in order to provide insights into the defect mechanisms and the root cause of the reliability tests. In this paper, application of high resolution Nano-probing Electron Beam Absorbance Current (EBAC), Nano-probing active passive voltage contrast (APVC), and TEM with Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDX) to identify the failing root cause of Inter- Poly Oxide (IPO) TDDB failure on an automotive grade Non- Volatile Memory (NVM) device was investigated. We have successfully demonstrated that TEM analysis after Nanoprobing EBAC/APVC fault isolation is an effective technique to reveal the failure root cause of IPO breakdown after reliability stresses.

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