We report and demonstrate a new methodology for the localization of dielectric breakdown sites in through-silicon via (TSV) structures. We apply a combination of optical beam induced resistance change (OBIRCH) and mechanical/chemical chip deprocessing techniques to localize nm-sized pinhole breakdown sites in a high aspect ratio 3x50 ìm TSV array. Thanks to the wavelength-selective absorption process in silicon, we can extract valuable defect depth localization info from our laser stimulation measurement. After chip deprocessing we inspect and localize the defect site in the dielectric liner using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). We confirm our results and analysis by cross-sectioning a TSV with a focused-ion beam (FIB).
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Issue Section:3D Devices and Packages