In this paper, we demonstrate cases for actual short and open failures in FCB (Flip Chip Bonding) substrates by using novel non-destructive techniques, known as SSM (Scanning Super-conducting Quantum Interference Device Microscopy) and Terahertz TDR (Time Domain Reflectometry) which is able to pinpoint failure locations. In addition, the defect location and accuracy is verified by a NIR (Near Infra-red) imaging system which is also one of the commonly used non-destructive failure analysis tools, and good agreement was made.

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