With the growing complexity and interconnect density of modern semiconductor packages, package level FA is also facing new challenges and requirements. 3D X-Ray Microscopy (XRM) is considered a key method to fulfill these requirements and enable high success FA yield. After a short introduction into the basic principles of lab-based X-Ray tomography, 2 different approaches of X-Ray investigations are discussed and an integration into the daily FA flow is proposed. In the first example, fault isolation on a fully packaged device is demonstrated using a stacked die device. In the second example, a newly developed sample preparation flow in combination with Nanoscale 3D X-Ray Microscopy for Chip-Package-Interaction and Back-end-of-line feature imaging is introduced.

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