Abstract

This paper proves the effects of laser pulse width on the lowering of LADA and SEU threshold laser energy. The soft failure rate is found to increase with reducing pulse widths from 100 μs to 2 μs. The results obtained suggest that pulsed-LADA for soft defect characterization and localization could offer notably improved SNR and turnaround time. This is because it is no longer critical to assign the test point close to the shmoo boundary which is well known to give rise to spurious signals. With a less noisy signal image, the overall debug cycle time can be shortened since multiple frames average is not required. Further driven by the motivation to seek a viable alternative to overcome the challenge of weak LADA signals due to poor transmittance of 1064 nm wavelength laser through full wafer thickness and a solid immersion lens, preliminary results based on 1122 nm wavelength laser is also presented. It is observed that though the OBIC quantum efficiency at 1122 nm is 80% lower than at 1064 nm, it is 25% higher when a solid immersion lens is used.

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