The increase in complexity of process, structure, and design not only increases the amount of failure analysis (FA) work significantly, but also leads to more complicated failure modes. To meet the need of high success rate and fast throughput FA operation at the leading-edge nodes, novel FA techniques have to be explored and incorporated into the routine FA flow. One of the novel techniques incorporated into the presented scan logic FA flow is the conductive-atomic force microscopy (CAFM) technique. This paper demonstrates CAFM technique as a powerful and efficient solution for scan logic failure analysis at advanced technology nodes. Several failure modes in scan logic FA are used as examples to illustrate how CAFM provides excellent solutions to some of the very challenging FA problems. The gate to active short in nFET devices, resistive contact, and open defect on gate contact are some modes used.

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