During the search for the root cause of a board level failure, all aspects of the product must be revisited and investigated. These aspects encompass design, materials, and workmanship. In this discussion, the failure investigation involved an S-Band Power Amplifier assembly exhibiting abnormally low RF output power where initial troubleshooting did not provide a clear cause of failure. A detailed fault tree drove investigations that narrowed the focus to a few possible root causes. However, as the investigation progressed, multiple contributors were eventually discovered, some that were not initially considered.