Pin leakage continues to be on the list of top yield detractors for microelectronics devices. It is simply manifested as elevated current with one pin or several pins during pin continuity test. Although many techniques are capable to globally localize the fault of pin leakage, root cause analysis and identification for it are still very challenging with today’s advanced failure analysis tools and techniques. It is because pin leakage can be caused by any type of defect, at any layer in the device and at any process step. This paper presents a case study to demonstrate how to combine multiple techniques to accurately identify the root cause of a pin leakage issue for a device manufactured using advanced technology node. The root cause was identified as under-etch issue during P+ implantation hard mask opening for ESD protection diode, causing P+ implantation missing, which was responsible for the nearly ohmic type pin leakage.

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