Ex situ lift out (EXLO) was historically the first lift out technique to be developed for site specific removal and manipulation of focused ion beam (FIB)-prepared specimens to a suitable carrier. In this paper, fast plasma FIB (PFIB) preparation of large scanning/transmission electron microscope specimens is combined with fast conventional EXLO and EXpressLO "pick and place" solutions. The combination of large material removal rates with PFIB and EXLO allows for efficiency and high throughput of FIB lift out specimens.
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Issue Section:Sample Preparation and Deprocessing